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God Arranges and Appoints

 This is the message I preached at St. Timothy Lutheran Church and St. Mark Lutheran Church this past Sunday, 1/24. The text is 1 Corinthians 12:12-31a. 

Paul writes that we are all "baptized into one body" v. 13.There is tremendous diversity within the groups Paul mentions--some of which are expected, such as Jews and those who are free. But God and Paul also include Greeks, who are Gentiles and slaves who are complete nobodies. And yet, in the waters of baptism, they are made new and become part of the body of Christ. Even from the beginning of the church, God included outsiders in his body. Baptism is the great equalizer that destroys the walls that divide people.

Everything in today's epistle is based upon and grounded in baptism. As Lutheran Christians, we emphasize that all we do in life flows out from our baptism. Martin Luther wrote:1 C

"Therefore every Christian has enough in Baptism to learn and to practise all [their] life; for [they have] always enough to do to believe firmly what it promises and brings: victory over death and the devil, forgiveness of sin, the grace of God, the entire Christ, and the Holy [Spirit] with [God's] gifts" (Large Catechism). Later in this lesson, Paul spells out what some of those gifts are.

In baptism, we experience the Spirit of God at work to overcome the divisions which the powers of this world nurture and on which they depend. The Corinthians had been competing with each other according to their culturally defined values. They used the gifts of the Spirit for their own honor rather than for the good of the whole community. Paul teaches that our common experience of God's grace in baptism--in which we all share the same water, the same promise, the same Spirit makes us all equally part of the same body.

What really struck me in today's epistle is the emphasis on God's work. "God arranged the members in the body," then "God arranged the body" and finally God has appointed ministries in the church. 

First of all, "God arranged the members in the he chose," v. 18.
The body was a common, well understood metaphor in Paul's day. However, Paul gives it an important twist. In many ancient writings, the image of the body was used to appease those of the lowest social and political status, reminding them of their duty to serve those who are naturally superior. Paul turns such an interpretation upside down, declaring that the weaker members are indispensable. The less honorable are clothed with greater honor and the less respectable are treated with greater respect. We may want to assign various positions within the church, but we better be sure we're not stepping on God's toes by catering to the powerful and ignoring the weaker members. They too have gifts to share with the body of Christ. After all, differences in the church were arranged by God.

Paul puts forth a vision for community as something that holds diversity and differences in tension. Being different is not something to eliminate, but is a gift of God's grace and a sign of the Spirit at work. The differing gifts of the Spirit form us in such a way that we must belong to one another.

By using the illustration of the human body, Paul encourages the Corinthians to be united. This was a problem the Corinthians had. In the beginning of 1 Corinthians, Paul teaches and admonishes the Corinthians concerning their sectarianism. They thought they were in good shape as a church. They were manifesting many of the gifts of the Holy Spirit, which had become a source of pride---as if they had anything to do with God's gifts working among them. This created a hierarchy within the church in Corinth. It is from this background that Paul admonishes the powerful members to honor the weaker members of the church.

Contrary to our modern concern about including the wrong people, Paul claims that the Corinthians are wrongly excluding people from their fellowship--specifically those of lesser social status and material means. God chose us not because of our own goodness or inherent gifts, but  because of his goodness and his love for all of creation. We have no reason to boast. We do, however, have a reason to be overwhelmed by the love of God. Paul is confident that the body of Christ will manifest that love. He had experienced for himself a love of God that knows no boundaries. That's the kind of love God calls us to manifest.

God arranged the body "giving greater honor to the inferior member,"  v. 24.The unity of the body does not mean that the less honored members are abused and treated roughly. Rather, all the parts belong to one another and therefore the "weak" parts are given special care. The end result of Paul's use of the body metaphor is not the same old hierarchy, or even the inverse of that culturally-expected pattern of domination with new people on top in positions of power, but instead a deep unity of the whole body, with each part caring for the others and each part being equal to the others.

God has appointed ministries in the church, v. 28. It is so easy to fall into the trap of comparing our gifts and talents with those of other people. When we do this, we always come up lacking in some way. This is because we insist on making value judgments on things that God has created to be perfectly equal (Dave Westphal).

The gifts Paul lists as first, second, third and so on all deal with the word spoken to the church in one way or another. A congregation can exist without dramatic healings and public manifestations such as speaking in tongues, but it cannot live without the word of Christ spoken and heard. The good news proclaimed and taught will form the church into one body in Christ (Brian Peterson).

In fact, Paul tells us to strive for the greater gifts and in the next chapter tells us that they are faith, hope and love and the greatest one is love.

So how do we apply Paul's lesson to our congregation today? Are we treating all members of our congregation equally or are we catering to those of status and wealth and ignoring the less fortunate and the poorer members of our congregation? Are all voices heard and valued equally or are we telling some members that you can't serve in this position because of your sex or because you're too young or because you're only here part of the year or for many other reasons by which we could prevent someone from serving? What in our day corresponds to the divided groups Paul talks about in the beginning of today's lesson? Perhaps the homeless or the mentally ill, refugees, people of different races or ethnicity and those with whom we disagree politically would be today's divided parts.

Paul's words prevent a cookie cutter mentality. Paul's vision is not a monochrome vision of the church, but a multi-colored rainbow.

God chose all of us: sick and beautiful and broken people, Mother Teresa, desert mystics, conservative evangelicals, progressive mainline church members, liberal Christians, church ladies and bishops and even me and you. It is important that we love each other, even the most difficult people we encounter. Paul teaches the importance of loving each other and by so doing, we allow love to trump divisions.


Charles B. Cousar, Texts for Preaching: A Lectionary Commentary Based on the NRSV-Year C

Brian Peterson,

Dave Westphal, Epiphany Devotions


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